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Sergt. Richard Baldwin

Male about 1622 - 1665  (~ 43 years)

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  • Name Richard Baldwin 
    Prefix Sergt. 
    Born about 1622  Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Baptism 25 August 1622  Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Died 23 July 1665  Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • Richard was a freeplanter in Milford and made a member of the church May 1641, and his wife 5 Feb 1642/3. His home lot was #2, consisting of three acres on the west side of the river, his stepfather John Astwood living one side, and Benjamin Fenn married to his sister on the other.

      From the Baldwin Genealogy:
      “Richard Baldwin, of Milford, was son of Sylvester Baldwin (who died 21 June, 1638, on the passage over from England on ship Martin); and his wife, Sarah (Bryan) Baldwin. He was baptized in the Parish Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire, England, 25 August, 1622, and probably born not long before. He perhaps came with his father, or possible earlier. He could not have been Richard, of Braintree, Mass., in 1637, as supposed by Savage; as Richard, of Braintree, must have been much older. He evidently had a good education for the times. His handwriting was as fine as I [author Charles Candee Baldwin] have seen in any early record.
      “He frequently appeared as attorney before the General Court at New Haven; and his arguments are so redolent of the shrewd, technical manner of the time, that it would seem as if he must have had some schooling in that manner. I think it not unlikely he was in some attorney’s office, perhaps in London—a position the Baldwins of Bucks and Herts inclined to; influenced thereto perhaps by the eminent success of their probable kinsman, Sir John Baldwin, Chief Justice. He was probably in the office of his uncle Henry, a lawyer. This name appears upon the first page of Milford Records, 20 Nov., 1639, among ‘those persons whose names are hereunder written are allowed to be Free Planters, having for the present liberty to act in the choyce of public officers for the carrying on of public affayers in this plantation.’ He was then in church fellowship, according to Lambert, yet he joined the church, 9 May, 1644. Among the names of the planters at New Haven, in 1643 (N. H. Col. Rec., 91) appears Wid. Baldwin, five in family, estate 800, &c. But at least ten other names appear in the two lists, and in the new Haven list near together. Among them were four of the five judges first chosen in Milford. ‘the power was settled in the church to choose persons out of themselves to divide the lands into lots as they shall have light from the word of God, and to take order for the timber.’ He m., after 5 Feb’y, 1642/3, Elizabeth Alsop, sister of Joseph, of New Haven, as at that date she joined the church in Milford in her maiden name.
      “The location of his homestead appears in 1646, he being No. 2, three acres on the west side of the Wepawaug river, just north of the present [1881] residence of Selah Strong, Esq. On one side (no. 1, extreme north, on the west side of the river), was his step-father, Capt. John Astwood; and on the other, Benjamin Fenn, also an eminent citizen, and who m. his sister. The same year, 31 Dec’r, young as he was, he was first of a committee of five appointed to equalize the lots then divided, ‘in the Oyster meadow, the Round meadow, the Calf-Pen meadow, the two Fresh meadows, Dreadful Swamp meadow, the Beaver Pond meadow, and other parcels not yet disposed of.’ At the close of the next month (28 Jan’y), it was ordered, ‘that the town do grant half of Beaver Pond meadow, which is unprised, unto Richard Baldwin and Thomas Tibbals, provided they drain it within six months next coming’; 20 May 1647, he was granted his quarter division, ‘in the place where he desireth’; 22 June, 1648, ‘his other quarter division,’ next to his former; 8 Jan’y, 1648, Baldwin and Tibbals had drained the swamp, and wanted the land (Beaver Pond), they held with the town, divided; the town gave them the upper end. In 1662, he had, with four others, grant of a marsh. His name frequently appears in many ways, and he was evidently an active, energetic, intelligent man of business. He was quite priminent in the settlement of Paugusset (Derby, Conn.) At Milford meeting, June 10, 1655, as Sarj’t Baldwin, he was chosen, with Mr. Fenn, Ensign Bryan and Sarj’t East, to ‘treat and agree with the Indians, being the true proprietors for all or any part of the land purchased betwixt Pagasich & as that falls within our line; and what agreement they make, the town is to stand to it, according to the promises expressed.’ This was perhaps in response to an application, of which the Governor of New Haven Colony informed the General Court, 30 May, 1655, who said that ‘Richard Baldwin, if not some others of Milford, had bine w^th him, and desired liberty from y^e court to buy some loand of y^e Indians about Pauguset; but the magistrate & deputies for Milford desired they might not have leave till they may more fully understand the minds of their toune, to whom they think it will be offensive if granted.’ The next October, Richard made a report to the court (1 New Haven Col. Rec., 156), to which the court made answer, ‘receiving the place under the jurisdiction granting leave to be a small village,’ without being under New Haven or Milford. The court also ‘condescended’ that the petitioners might buy land of the Indians. 3. They are willing that one among themselves, such as the court shall approve of, shall be intrusted with power and authoritie to call meetings, execute warrants, moderate in causes of difference, and take y^e best course ‘he can to carry on things in an orderly and peaceable way.’ 4. Paugasset was to be free from rate for three years. ‘Richard Baldwin was now appointed to be y^e man to carry on y^e trust before mentioned; hee also now declared that they did intend to purchase large tracts of land of the Indians,’ &c. 28 May, 1656, the Paugasset business ‘was now againe in question,’ the magistrates and deputies for Milford objecting to it; and after many debates, it was suggested that the owners resign their claims to Milford, on being paid for the same. Richard Baldwin, for himself and the rest, wanted more accommodiation at Milford, ‘so that they may subsist in a comfortable way to maintain stockes suitable to their families, and Milferd to pay what they had laid out. Millferd men replyed they had not where with all to doe it,’ &c. ‘In the time, the court advised both p’ties to peace,’ and Paugasset to cease until to see if the matter could be arranged. 27th, 3d month, 1657, the business was ‘againe revived,’ Richard Baldwin giving conditions in writing which the court thought reasonable, and ‘desire Milferd and they may joyne in a loveing way; but if Milferd refuse, it is like Newhaven will accept them. 1st, They had liberty to buy Indians’ land over Naugatuck River, and above them northward up into the cuntrye’; 2nd, were to bear their proportion of public service; 3rd, to be free from rates particulary concerning Milford paying ‘jurisdiction rates’; and to the ministrie at Milferd, so long as they enjoye the same,’ and ‘there share towards the killing of woulves and foxes.’ In 1659, the court seem to have been quite uncertain as to the prospect of Paugasset, providing that if it ‘became not a village to the purposes formerly exprest by y^e court, betwixt this and y^e general court in May next, that the place shall be deserted in reference to settled habitation.’ 30 May, 1660, ‘Sarjeant Baldwin informed that an Indian, called ———, the proprietor of the meadow called hogg’s meadow, had bestowed the said meadow upon him; and the said Richard Baldwin desired that it might be an appendix to Paugasset, where some futher preparations had been made this winter, by fencing, for the carrying it o to a village.’ Milford objected it would straiten them, ‘to w^ch Sarjeant Baldwin answered, theat he conceived it must fall one of these three ways, the meadow being his;:1, that either it be an appendix to Paugasset; or 2nd, he being a planter at Milferd, he may enjoy it; or thirdly, if Milferd have it, he may have a valuable consideration for it.’ The court expressed dissatisfaction that Paugasset was not in a ‘settled way.’ ‘Sarjeant Baldwin pleaded that he was hindered by obstruction he had met with by y^e ordinary at Milferd, and by sicknesse the last summer.’
      “This deed is recorded (Col. Record of Lands, Vol. 1, p. 292), as follows: ‘At a meeting with Towtanimoe, Sagamore of Pawgusset, together with some other Pagusset Indians, his subjects, at the house of Richard Baldwin, at Milford, March 2d, 1659-’60, the sayd Sagamore did grant the meadow, known and denominated by the name of Hogg Meadow ** unto Richard Baldwin, *** and doth farther promise and engage, that when the proprietors of Pawgussett shall there come to possesse and improve these property there, he will then sell and make over to them what other upland or meadow shall be for their convenience; and likewise doth ingage, in the meantime, not to make over, sell or dispose of any land *** between the west branch of the Milferd Mill River and Patatuch River, east & west; and afrom the little river on the north side of Grassy Hill, and so northward unto the hither end of the place commonly called deare’s delight, unto any other ** persons whatever,’ &c. Signed by Tawtanimoe, James, Chub, Succuseoge, Seeochduneege, Sassanghsough and Wanwumpecun Indians then present.
      “By a deed dated 6 Sep., 1661, Tawtanimoe gave to Richard Baldwin ‘all the upland adjacent to Hogg’s Meadow, ‘to begin at Milferd line on the south side; and the north side goeth up to the path which goeeth from Pagasset to New Haven; and the west side from Milferd line where the cartway now is that goeth over the Brooke which is on the north side of Grassy Hill; and so broad as it is there to Milford Mill River, the same bredth it is to runn from the sayd Mill River at Pagasset pateh on the north side towards Pagasset; also all the great swamps that lyeth on the east side of the said Mill River, from Milford lyne northward and eastward unto the uttermost bounds of it.’ This is signed by the marks of Towtanimoe, Younkitihue and Towhege, Indians present at the giving of the land.
      “15 Sep., 1665, Ockennung, the sole and onely Sagamore of Pagassett, with the assent of his subjects and his fellow proprietors, confirmed the grants formerly made, and granted them a new deed (Col. Rec. of Lands 1, 388; see Conn. Col. Rec., 1665-1677, p. 513). Richard was then dead; and we shall see, under his son Barnabas, what a curious history Hogg Meadow had. At the Court of Electors, held at hartford, May 10, 1666, a committee was appointed to view these lands, and see what they were and whether fit for a township. The settlement went on, and in 1675 was named Derby. I do not believe Richard wver lived there. The first book of Derby is a small, meagre one. It shows: ‘Item: Mr. Goodyear, Mr. Wakeman, Mr. Gilberd, of New Haven, hath bargained and sold to Richard Baldwin and several others, of Milferd, a tract of land at a place called Pagasuck, and by their men, aboye named, put under New Haven jurisdiction in the year 1655. The house lots are then drawn. Richard has one-half more than the others. he bought out Isaac Platt, exchanges with Ebenezer RIggs, and at his death had 4 12/ acres, instead of 2, which ‘all her living at Pagasuck’ his widow sold to Mr. Alexander Bryan.
      “Richard Baldwin, in 1657, ‘propounded that he hire of teh jurisdiction the customs and excise of such wine and strong liquors as he should draw and sell by retayle,’ for which he gave ten pounds a year. It seems that Ensign Bryan had kept the ordinary, but growing tired of it, the town pitched upon anotehr to succeed him; and, in 1656, the town had complained of him for breaking the court order in ‘selling strong water’ at a higher price than there allowed. Richard no doubt was a prudent, able man, and intended to sell strong water in a manner becoming a Puritan, and possibly not higher than the court allowed.
      “It happended, however, in may, 1659, that John Heardman was complained of for being drunk and disorderly; and the marshall undertaking to arrest him he ‘hitt his hatt o’ the ground, and bid the marshal touch him if he durst’ (Col. Rec., p. 271). Heardman thought they only had ‘e or 4 quarts’ for four persons, ‘w^ch y^e court witnesses against as an excessive quantity for so small a company, w^ch y^e court will consider of.’ Mr. Fenn said Mr. Heardman had friends who would speak for him. Being asked who, he names Sargeent Baldwin; but he now said y^t sargent Baldwin had alwayes given him good counsell; to w^ch it was said, had he given him ore good counsell, and less liquors, it had benn well. It afterward appeared that eleven men drank five pints, and ‘Baldwin desired that God would help him, while hee continues in that employment, to be more watchful,’ and that it happened while Richard was sick—the same sickness no sdoubt alluded to before. It appears that he was then keeping the ordinary; although it would seem now as if it was somewhat out of the centre of the town, unless he had changed location.
      “Richard often appeared as attorney before the General Court of New Haven, arguing in the manner of the day, rather technical for ours, but confining himself more to the case in hand, and with much less respect to hearsay evidence than was common in that day. At the General Court in June, 1654, it looked as if the designe against y^e Duch is like to goe on, and men were agreed on, of which Milford was to furnish twenty-one. Richard was the one Ensign chosen for the colony. He was a member of the General Court for Milford, from May, 1662, to May, 1664, inclusive. In December, 1664, Milford had broken ‘off from y^e colony, so y^t neither magistrate or deputie attend the general meeting.’ The fact is, that by vote of the town, they had submitted themselves to Connecticut, 17 Nov., 1664. At this meeting of the General Court, a committee, of whom Richard Baldwin was one, was appointed ‘for y^e consumating of matters betwixt Conecticutt and us.’ They ‘were empowered and intrusted with the whole affayre’ in preparatory way, communicating to y^e severall townes what they agree upon for their concurrence and confirmation. Richard Baldwin had been unusually active and prominent for his age up to the union, which he favored in Milford. He died, however, 23d July, 1665, and his estate was pesented at Hartford 23 Sept., 1665. His eldest son received, as usual, a double portion. His youngest child, born after his death, was omitted altogether. His widow m. 2nd in 1670, as his 2nd wife, William Fowler, son of William.” [1, 2]
    Person ID I13133  Schirado
    Last Modified 9 August 2004 

    Father Sylvester Baldwin,   b. about 1595, Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 June 1638, transit abord ship Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 43 years) 
    Mother Sarah Bryan,   b. about 1602, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 November 1669, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 67 years) 
    Married about 1620 
    Family ID F21079  Family Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family/Spouse Elizabeth Alsop,   b. about 1625, Alsop-en-le-Dale, Derbyshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. July 1688, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 63 years) 
    Married 5 February 1642  Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location 
    +1. Elizabeth Baldwin,   b. about 1644, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location
    +2. Lieut. Sylvanus Baldwin,   b. about 1646, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. June 1727, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 81 years)
    +3. Sarah Baldwin,   b. about 1649, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. about 1713, Derby, CT Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 64 years)
    +4. Temperance Baldwin,   b. about 1651, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location
    +5. Mary Baldwin,   b. about 1653, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location
    +6. Theophilus Baldwin,   b. 26 April 1659, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. before 22 June 1698  (Age < 39 years)
    +7. Sergt. Zachariah Baldwin,   b. 22 September 1660, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 May 1722, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)
    +8. Martha Baldwin,   b. 1 April 1663, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location
    +9. Barnabus Baldwin,   b. 1665, Milford, CT Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 August 1741, Woodbridge, CT Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)
    Family ID F14155  Family Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S20] Susan Woodruff Abbott, (Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, 1979).

    2. [S89] Charles Candee Baldwin, (Cleveland, Ohio, 1881).

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