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William Berdette Monroe

Male 1841 - 1879  (38 years)

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  • Name William Berdette Monroe 
    Born 11 January 1841  Violet Township, Fairfield County, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Occupation Farmer 
    Died 17 December 1879  Bennington Township, Shiawassee County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Alton Cemetery, Bennington Township Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • William Berdette Monroe, known as Burdett Monroe.

      1860 Bennington Townsip, Shiawassee County, Michigan census - William is a day laborer working on the Harrison Bugbee farm. William is 20 and was born in Ohio.

      Record of Service of Michigan Volunteers in the Civil War 1861-1865. Published by the Authority of the Senate and the House of Representatives of the Michigan Legislature under the direction of Brigadier General George H. Brown, Adjutant General. Published by Emling Brother and Everard, Kalamazoo, Michigan.
      Monroe, Berdette, Shiawassee County. Enlisted in Company E, Fourteenth Infantry, December 30, 1861 at Owasso, for 3 years, aged 23. Mustered February 13, 1962. Discharged at expiration term of service at Fayetteville, N. C., March 14, 1865.

      An account of the history of the Fourteenth Infantry from The Record of Service of Michigan Volunteers in the Civil Was 1861-1865, pages 1 - 3, states:

      The Fourteenth was organized at Ypsilanti under the supervision of Colonel Robert P. Sinclair, and was mustered into service February 13, 1862, with an enrollment of 925 officers and men.
      The field, staff and line officers at organization were as follows:
      Robert P. Sinclair, Colonel, Grand Rapids. Robert W. Davis, Lieutenant Colonel, Pontiac. M. W. Quackenbush, Major, Owasso. Edward Batwell, Surgeon, Detroit. Frederick W. Sparling, Assistant Surgeon, Detroit. David B. Harbaugh, Adjutant, Detroit. William M. Ferry, Jr. Quartermaster, Grand Haven. Thomas B. Dooley, Chaplain, Corunna.
      A. Captain, Morgan L. Gage, East Saginaw. First Lieutenant, Joseph Schefnicker, Saginaw. Second Lieutenant, John C. Lind, East Saginaw.
      B. Captain, Thomas C. Fitzgibbon, Detroit. First Lieutenant, Patrick Walsh, Grand Rapids. Second Lieutenant, Nicholas Devereaux, Marshall.
      C. Captain, James Mackey, Detroit. First Lieutenant, Arthur E. Magill, Grand Rapids. Second Lieutenant, John Van Stan, Detroit.
      D. Captain , James J. Jeffries, Lansing. First Lieutenant, Gillman J. Mc Clintock, Owasso. Second Lieutenant, Cyrus F. Jackson, Owasso.
      E. Captain, Alpheus M. Beebe, Lansing. First Lieutenant, C. C. Goodale, Owasso. Second Lieutenant, Daniel Wair, Owasso.
      F. Captain, Edward S. Nixon, Grand Rapids. First Lieutneant, Casper Ernst, Nunica. Second Lieutenant, Calvin C. Porter, Grand Rapids.
      G. Captain, John L. Donnelly, Monroe. First Lieutenant, John T. Donahugh -----, Second Lieutenant, Charles R. Bush, Lansing.
      H. Captain, Richard Beahan, Ypsilanti. First Lieutenant, Thomas Higgins, Detroit. Second Lieutenant, Campbell Montgonery, Detroit.
      I. Captain, Frank Powell, Pontiac. First Lieutenant, John P. Foster, Pontiac. Second Lieutenant, Alfred A. Parker, Pontiac.
      K. Captain, John Kelley, St. Johns. First Lieutenant, Charles B. Rose, Westphalia. Second Lieutenant, Tobias J. Sherlock, Detroit.
      The Fourteenth left the state on the 17th of April for St. Louis, Mo., and joined General Grant’s army at Pittsburg Landing. It participated in the siege of Corinth, MIss., and when the enemy evacuated, the Fourteenth formed a part of General Buell’s army in the famous race with the confederate army, under General Bragg, to Louisville, Ky. It went no farther than Nashville, Tenn., when it was assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division, Fourteenth Corps, and served that corps during the war. In November the regiment had a sharp encounter with Alabama troups at Lavergne, Tenn., when it captured a fort and took a large number of prisoners. After a series of marches and victories the regiment was at Stone River, Tenn., in January, 1864, when it took part in that engagement.
      The following March, Henry R. Mizner, a captain in the regular army, was commissioned Colonel of the regiment, Colonel Sinclair having retired. The Fourteenth was on active duty during the summer and was stationed a portion of the time at Franklin, Brentwood, and Nashville, Tenn.
      Colonel Mizner mounted his regiment by securing horses from the enemy’s country and sufficient mules to move his transportation and ambulances without calling upon the government for an animal.
      His entire district was infested with guerrilla bands and he pursued them so relentlessly that he killed or captured most of them and drove the balance out of the state. The whole country was cleared of lawless bands of guerillas and peace and quiet reigned as far as his troops could extend and many of the inhabitants were induced to take the oath of allegiance.
      In January, 1864, the regiment veteranized. 414 re-enlisted with the understanding and promise that they should continue their service as cavalry or mounted infantry. The companies came home by detachments on veteran furlough, as the whole regiment could not be spared at once. After the expiration of their veteran furloughs the regiment returned to Nashville, the 16th of May.
      A bitter disappointment greeted them on their return as a sweeping order had been issued to dismount the regiment and have the organization serve as infantry. Much dissatisfaction followed and Colonel Mizner made a vigorous protest against the order, but while the efficiency of his command was recognized, he failed to get the order revoked and submitted as gracefully as possible to the inevitable.
      The Fourteenth joined General Sherman’s army at Dallas, Ga., the 4th of June, and took an active part in the Atlanta campaign, being engaged with the enemy at Kenesaw Mountain and Chattahoochee river and the siege of Atlanta.
      When General Sherman made his flanking movement around Atlanta, the Fourteeth distinguished itself by a brilliant charge at Jonesboro, breaking the enemy’s line, and was the first troop to get possession of the confederate works. In this charge the Fourteenth captured General Govan, of Cleburn’s division, and his staff, four pieces of Artillery, the colors of the First Arkansas, and 300 men.
      After the fall of Atlanta the Fourteenth marched with Sherman to the sea and reached Savannah, Ga., the 16th of November. Upon the surrender of Savannah, the regiment marched through South Carolina, crossing the Savannah river at Sister’s Ferry, and then through North Carolina, skimishing with the enemy at several points, but meeting strong resistance at Averysboro. The brigade to which the Fourteenth belonged was ordered to charge the enemey’s works and carried the first line, but were unable to take the main line. The brigade held its position, expecting to reume the engagement the next morning, when it was found the enemy had retreated. In the engagement the regiment suffered severely.
      The following day the Fourteenth followed the confederates closely until Bentonville was reached, where they made a determined effort to shake off their foes. Generals Johnson and Hardee massed their forces and made a series of desperate charges upon the union lines. The confederates were received with a distractive fire and were repeatedly driven back, only to return, until the union forces jumped over their works and charged the confederates on their retreat, capturing a large number of officers and men and a quantity of small arms.
      In the meantime the enemy appeared in the rear of the Union lines when the Fourteeth faced about and charged the confederates, and after a hand to hand struggle, drove them from the field with great loss in killed and wounded, and a number of prisoners. This was the last severe battle faught by General Sherman’s army.
      The Fourteenth marched to Goldsboro, where it remained until April 10, and then started for Raleigh, N. D. It marched to Richmond, Va., and arrrived in Washington, D. C., the 18th of May, and took part in the grand review of Sherman’s army on the 24th.
      The regiment was then sent to Louisville, Ky., where it was mustered out July 18, and arrived in Detroit, Mich. the 21st, and was paid off and disbanded July 29, 1865.
      The Fourteenth was engaged with the enemy while in service at Farmington, Miss., May 9, 1962; siege of Corinth, Miss., May 10 to 31, 1862; Lavergne, Tenn., November 1, 1862; Nashville, Tenn., November 5, 1862; Brentwood, Tenn., December 8, 1862; Stone River, Tenn., January 3, 1863; Weam’s Springs, Tenn., July 27, 1863; Lawrenceburg, Tenn., November 4, 1863; Kenesaw, Ga., June 25, 1864; Chattahooehee River, Ga., July 5 and 6, 1864; Savannah, Ga., December 17 to 21, 1864; Fayetteville, N. C., March 12 1865; Averysboro, N. C., March 16, 1865; Bentonville, N. C., March 19 and 20, 1865.
      Total enrollment ................................................................................................................ 1629
      Killed in action .................................................................................................................. 36
      Died of wounds .................................................................................................................. 17
      Died in confederate prisions ............................................................................................... 1
      Died of disease .................................................................................................................. 163
      Discharged for disability (wounds and diseases) ................................................................. 155

      The Descriptive Roll of Company E. Fourteenth Reginment, Michigan Infantry Volunteers, 1861 - 1866 found at the Michigan Archives, Lansing, Michigan, provides more specific information for William Burdette Monroe’s term of service. “ 5/62 - Left sick at Hamburg Landing, Tenn. 6/62 - sick at Farmington, Miss. 7/62 Same since 6/1/62. 1/65 At headquarters Fourteenth Army Corps Artil. 9/21/64. 2/65 Same. 3/65 Mustered out 3/14/65 at Fayetteville at expiration of term of sevice. (Meiartd.??)”

      Civil War Bounty Request, 1 February 1867. Under a Congressional Act approved 28 July 1866, Civil War veterens were entitled to a bounty for their service. William Burdette requests a bounty of $100. He states, “ . . . his age is 27, that he is a resident of Bennington, County of Shiawassee, State of Michigan and that he is the identical William B. Monroe who was enlisted as a Private in Company E of the 14th Regiment of Michigan Infantry Volunteers to serve for the peiod of three years and was discharged form the service of the United States, as a Private at Fayetteville N. C. on the 14th day of March 1865, by reason of expiration of term of service.” He requests,
      “. . . that all communications concerning this claim to be sent to him at Pitsburgh County of Shiawassee and State of Michigan. Alexander Place and Arad W. Williams declare they have known William B. Monroe for 14 years.

      1870 Michigan Census. Bennington Township, Shiawassee County
      W.B. Monroe is 30 and a farmer. Real estate is worth $250, and personal estate is $100. Carrie is 25 and Cora is 3. William was born in Ohio and Carrie and Cora in Michigan. Neither William’s or Carrie’s parents were born in a foreign country.

      Shiawassee County Death Records indicate W. B. Monroe died 17 December 1879 in Bennington Township. He was killed by a tree. He was a laborer, married, and his parents were Norman and Jane Monroe, both still in Michigan.

      Shiawassee County, Michigan, Cemetery and Death Records, compiled by Mrs. Frances Hazelton, Vernon, MI, 1983, lists W. B. Monroe dying 17 December 1879, 38 years and 11 months old, parents Norman and Jane. Also, Delia Monroe, 29 August 1878, 8 years and three months old, parents Bedette and Carrie. Alton Cemetery.

      From an article in the Grand Rapids Herald, 25 Oct 1925:
      “Civil War Horros Told in 2 Letters from Battlefront
      “Michigan Soldier’s Messages to Mother Preserved Here
      “Seven-day battle with south forces described
      “A glimpse of the trials and sufferings which were endured by the man who faught under Grand and Sherman is revealed in two letters written by William Burdette Monroe to his mother while he was engaged in the western offence under Grant in 1863.
      “Monroe enlisted at Owosso in 1861 and served throughtout the war with company E of the 11th Michigan infantry. He came through the conflict safe and sound, but was killed some years after the war in an accident.
      “The letters have been preserved by Mrs. Edward Joyce, 734 Griggs st., S.E., a granddaughter of the former soldier. They were written to Jane Monroe. A few extracts from one written from Nashville, Tenn. on January 9, 1863, follow:
      “‘Well, mother, we have been having one of the hardest battles that has ever been faught. We have been fighting continualy for seven days [portrait inserted of William B. Monroe] and early every night. Saturday night was terrible as we faught until after 11 o’clock with the wind blowing a perfect gale and the rain pouring down in torrents. The cannon and musketry made such a noise through the darkness that it is impossible to describe the general effect that was produced by the turmoil.
      “‘Our loss is estimated at 14,000 killed and 9,000 wounded and that of the rebels at 15,000 killed and 12,000 wounded. The battle took place at Murphysborough, 30 miles from this place.
      “‘The ground was strewn with bodies of men and horses for miles around. While they held the ground they would not let us bury our dead and I saw many bodies that had had the heads and limbs eanten from they by the hogs, before we were able to get to them.
      “Food Prices High
      “‘I have paid many a dollar for food as prices are high here and money is no object. I have seen the time when I would rather eat the food that you feed to your hogs than the best meal that I ever have eaten or ever will eat. They cut off our line of provisions and the men have been forced to eat horses and mules to keep from starving.’
      “Anther letter written from Franklin, Tenn., Aug. 7, 1863, bears the mute testimony to the devotion and love that the Union soldiers held for their country. The following sentences are typical of the general trend of the letter:
      “‘Dear Mother: My health is fine again but since I have been sick my heart is so unsteady that it is a task for me to write to you, but I would endure anything for you’”
      “Death of Friend
      “‘I was very sorry to hear of James Hubbard’s death as I thought a lot of him, but he is one of the thousands who have given up their lives in defense of their country. I suppose that when you hear of the death of one of our acquaintances that your mind is filled with fear at the thought of what may happen to me, but mother believe me when I tell you that it is my choice to fall on the field of battle in preference to stay at home during this critical hour when our country is in peril.
      “‘Mother, if I should fall, do not mourn my loss. Although I may be dear to you as you certainly are to me yet if I die in a good cause and I pray you not to regret that, I enlisted, for I yield my life willingly for the country that bore me. That country was free when I was born and I am willing to give my life to keep it so until time shall be no more’
      “A Union Man
      “‘I am a Union man, every inch of me, and may God forbid that I should ever be anything else, Mother, I hope and trust that we will meet again after this terrible conflict is over and peace reigns once more throughout the land and I will be proud when that time helped preserve the rights and blessings which I will then enjoy.
      “‘My life is as dear to me as any other man’s and it also is to thousaqnds of others who are by my side but it is not so dear as to be purchased at the price of slavery and cowardice. Thousands have already given their lives for the cause and it is not for me to stop at the supreme sacrifice.’”

      At the Bentley Library at the University of Michigan: Henry R. Mizner, "The Fourteenth Michigan Infantry, the Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, the Battle of Jonesboro, Georgia, and incidents of army life" [n.d.]. Reminiscences of incidents of army life, 1861-1865, especially the battles of Stones River, the engagements before Atlanta, and the battle of Jonesboro. Mizner, of Detroit, Mich., entered the service as captain in the 18th U. S. Infantry, May 14, 1861. He was commissioned colonel, 14th Michigan Infantry, Nov. 11, 1862, made brevet major for gallant and meritorious service in the battle of Murfreesboro, and brevet brigadier general for gallant and meritorious services during the war. After the war he was transferred to the U. S. Army again,
      retiring in 1891.

      Also at the Bentley: John Burgoyne, of Woodhull, Mich. Five letters (1863-1864) written from Nashville and Atlanta. He tells of sickness and casualties in the regiment, criticizes the doctors, makes comments about the officers and a statement about raids around Atlanta in which railroads are destroyed. Burgoyne was in Company K, 14th Michigan Infantry, 1861-1865.
    Person ID I3928  Schirado
    Last Modified 14 March 2013 

    Father Norman Monroe,   b. 15 November 1812, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 September 1861, Bennington Township, Shiawassee County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Jane Bishop,   b. 25 March 1824, Oswego or Otsego County, New York, or Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 June 1906, Bennington Township, Shiawassee County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Married about 1840 
    Family ID F60318  Family Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family/Spouse Caroline Holdbrook Simons,   b. 1 May 1845, Manlius, Onondaga County, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 May 1917, Grand Rapids, Kent County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years) 
    Married 19 March 1866  Laingsburg, Shiawassee County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Rev. James Mc Lead
    • Civil War Pension Record, Caroline H. Monroe request for pension cert. 824024
    +1. Cora May Monroe,   b. 16 May 1867, Bennington Township, Shiawassee County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 January 1951, Grand Rapids, Kent County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years)
     2. Matilda (Della) Monroe,   b. 10 June 1872, Bennington Township, Shiawassee County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 August 1879, Bennington Township, Shiawassee County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 7 years)
    +3. Myrtle A. Monroe,   b. about 28 July 1873, Bennington Township, Shiawassee County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 August 1936, Ridgefield, Clark County, Washington Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 63 years)
    +4. Louis Norman Monroe,   b. 4 November 1878, Bennington Township, Shiawassee County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 March 1946, Grand Rapids, Kent County, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)
    Family ID F421  Family Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

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